MRO Absorbent Pillows: Cushions of a Safe and Hazard-Free Working Environment Leaky pipes, valves and tanks can cause serious damage - and both workers and employers must be aware of these risks. There were many reported cases where industrial plants had caused severe health problems and deaths due to negligence of their plant's safety and unskilled workers. Some industrial companies were charged and ordered to pay millions of dollars for compensation and liabilities by government bodies and victims of their toxic chemicals. Back in December 1984, the Bhopal disaster is considered as the world's worst industrial gas leak catastrophe. The pesticide plant leaked methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals, which affected hundred thousands of workers and residents nearby. It was run by Union Carbide India Limited, a subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation in the United States. This gas leak was said to have originated from water entering the tank that contained 42 tons of MIC, which resulted in an exothermic reaction. This led to an increase in tank pressure that later on leaked toxic gas into the atmosphere from the vents. Northwestern winds blew the fumes over Bhopal. The initial effects of the poisonous gas were coughing, vomiting, severe eye irritation, and labored breathing. The long-term indications include respiratory failure, cardiac problems, female reproductive difficulties, birth defects, and immune and neurological system failure disorders. Civil and criminal charges are still pending in the United States District Court in Manhattan and the District Court of Bhopal, India. In 1989, the UCC agreed to pay a settlement of $470 million dollars for damage it caused to the Bhopal region and its people. This settlement is to provide health and medical aid to the victims and to help the region's economic recovery. In 2006, a government affidavit showed that 554,895 residents were affected by the short and long-term effects of the pesticide leak and an estimated 15,000 died from it. Many high-ranking officials of UCIL and UCC were sentenced to jail and had to pay fines. The water that was reported to have entered the tank was caused by a leaky valve. The workers were cleaning the pipes when large amounts of water leaked from one of the valves and flowed to the direction of the MIC tank. These could have been prevented if proper cleaning materials were used in hazardous plants such as UCIL. One of the appropriate materials to be used in managing large amounts of chemicals and water are absorbent pillows. These can absorb different types of industrial liquid leaks and spills which help prevent accidents and hazards in the workplace. MRO Absorbent Pillows are best used to contain spills such as water, oil, solvents, coolants and other leaks that are usually under tight spaces. These can be inserted under machinery, pipes, valves and dripping faucets. There are different types of absorbent pillows to choose from that are appropriate for different uses: Universal Absorbent Pillows — these are best used for most spills that are hard to reach. They can contain liquids for longer periods of time. Drip pans are also used with absorbent pillows. MRO Absorbent Drip Pans w/ Pillows — these drip pans are slid under leaky containers such as drums, barrels, and pipes to contain the drips. These prevent spills from forming into puddles on the floors and surfaces which can lead to slips and falls. The pillows absorb the liquid so that overspills will not occur. These can absorb up to a gallon of liquid waste. Drip Pans w/ Replacement Pillows — these work similarly with MRO Absorbent Drip Pans with Pillows. After the pillow has absorbed all the liquids it could contain, it is replaced with a new one. Each box can absorb 19 gallons of fluid. They come in sets with five drip pans and forty replaceable absorbent pillows. MRO Earth-Friendly Absorbent Pillows — these are made from recycled products and are best used for heavy oil spills. Each pillow can absorb up to 3 gallons of oil. These MRO Absorbent Pillows are used to stop leaks and drips from causing accidents from slippery surfaces. These also help prevent impending industrial disasters. MRO Absorbent Pillows are compliant with the Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which requires employers to implement safety measures that can help reduce the factors that affect the environment and human health. If only the UCIL had implemented proper safety measures inside their facility, that tragedy may not have occurred. Absorbent pillows aid the workers in keeping the floors free of hazards. They hold back the leaks and drips while the workers fix the source of problem such as broken pipes. In the Bhopal tragedy, the workers were cleaning the pipes but they were not able to stop the water from going down the MIC tank. Using the proper cleaning materials really does have a significant role in the safety of the workers, workplace, and people living near industrial plants.